Nepal and India share excellent bilateral ties in terms of traditions, cultures, history and religion. These two countries not only share an open border and uncontrolled movement of people, but they also have close bonds through marriages and family relations.
You might have often heard “Nepal is our brother (Chota Bhai)” from Prime minister Narendra Modi and many other past ministers of India. So, here we are going to look into the saying technically by calculating the age of both countries. I have no intention to hurt feelings of any side; neither create hatred between peoples of these countries. So, please read it for just knowledge and conceptual approach.
Official Records on Establishment of Nepal and India
If we go with the official records Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल) was established in 1768 as the Kingdom of Nepal with Unification Campaign by King Prithvi Narayan Shah(officially began in 1743) of unifying all of Nepal that would form modern and lost territories of Nepal. Later On May 28, 2008, the newly elected Constituent Assembly declared Nepal the Federal Democratic Republic.
Whereas India, officially the Republic of India, was founded on 15 August 1947. Present-day India was established when India got independence from Britain. However, the history of India dates back to the ancient period that’s Historical India, not the Republic of India. Official records regarding the establishment of Republic of India and Nepal clearly signify Nepal being 178 Years, 10 months and 21 Days older than India. Nepal is the oldest country among SAARC countries in terms of date of acquisition of sovereignty and Nepal is the only country in the word that was never invaded by any empires of the world. Hope that clears a sensation between most of my Nepalese and Indian brothers
So, the ultimate conclusion we could make by taking official records into account is Nepal is older than India. Which means Nepal is the elder brother, not India. But, there is something we should also take in our records is if we go and compare the size of these countries then India is actually 22 times bigger than Nepal. Considering the different approach to compare things, India comes to be a way bigger brother. But for that, we might have to remove brother from our term ‘Big Brother’.
Now, let’s discuss what most of the people get confused about Nepal and India.
Here is what most people got confused…
Indian Subcontinent and Ancient India
Again, that’s what official records do say not me. Some of my Indian friends might be thinking India has existed since the Maurya Empire or some might be wondering Indian subcontinent as India.
Let’s first talk about Indian Subcontinent. Here is what I found on the wiki page about the definition of the Indian subcontinent “The Indian subcontinent, or the subcontinent is a southern region and peninsula of Asia, mostly situated on the Indian Plate and projecting southwards into the Indian Ocean from the Himalayas.” I think that clearly signifies current day India is a part of the Indian subcontinent, not the Indian subcontinent.
Ancient India and Ancient Nepal
Now, let’s come to Ancient India. You might have noticed that I have been using words such as present-day India or current day India. Which is to make a reminder that we are calculating and comparing the ages of both countries on the basis of how these countries evolved to become what they are.
If we look into the Sanskrit epics such as Mahabharata, the term Bharat or Bharatbarsh has been mentioned many times, but that’s historical India, and we cannot take historical India as the Republic of India.
Also, Ancient Nepal has existed for thousands of years. There are no records that clearly defines how long had Ancient Nepal or Ancient India has existed, and neither we can calculate. You can check an article on How Nepal got its name? where you might find an idea of how long Ancient Nepal has existed.
Clearly we are not here to compare ages of Ancient India and Ancient Nepal and neither its’s possible from my side or yours. But, It’s not difficult to compare ages of Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal and the Republic of India.
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That’s my conclusion on the older country between Nepal and India. You can agree or disagree with me; it’s up to you, but please don’t forget to write your thoughts in comments. Also, If you have any opinions or disagree with my conclusions, feel free to use that comment section. I will make sure to look into your good thoughts and will try to include them in the article.
FAQ Related to Nepal
Was Nepal a part of India before?
Nepal has never been part of India. The question misleads many people to Indian subcontinent. Most often people take Indian subcontinent as India. Maybe in ancient times these lands were led by a single king or maybe this whole Asia was under one kingdom but for now there aren’t any historical records mentioning Nepal being part of India.
Is Nepal the oldest country?
Nepal is the oldest country among the South Asia countries. San Marino is said to be world’s oldest republic country and Egypt is considered to be oldest country in the world and
Why Nepal was not ruled by British?
Nepal has never been ruled or Invaded by any country of the world. British tried to capture Nepal but the strong Gurkhas resisted and defeated them thrice till the peace treaty was concluded.